Indian Military War and Important Opreations Up to Date
- 1947-48 First India – Pakistan War (First Kashmir War)
Result – Partition of Kashmir
- 1962 India China War
Result-Defeat for India
- 1965 Second Indo Pakistan War
Result – Victory For India
- 1971 Third Indo Pakistan War (Bangladesh Liberation War)
Result – Liberation of Bangladesh (victory for India)
- 1999 Kargil War
Result Victory for India
Indian Army Operation Vijay
India Navy Operation Talwar
Indian Air Force Operation Safed Sagar
Pakistan Army Operation Badr
Operation polo (1948)
India armed forces ended the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad and led to the
incorporation into the Indian Union of the princely state of the Hyderabad.
Operations Vijay (1961)
The Indian Military Operation which led to the capture of Goa, Daman and Diu
and of the Portuguese colonial holding islands of Anjidiv in 1961.
Insurgency In Northeast India (1964-Present)
- Conflict ongoing.
- AFSPA introduced in Five north-eastern states, later repeated in Tripura.
- In the 1990s, when the activities of the united liberation front of Asom (ULFA) were at their peak, the Army launched operations called OP BAJRANG and OP RHINO, taking the sting out of the militant outfit.
- In Dec 2003, the Indian Army and Royal Bhutan Army launched Operation All clear.
- India Army’s Myanmar Operation June 2015 – the strike was conducted by Army Para Special Forces assisted by IAF Mi-17 helicopters as they crossed into Myanmar and killed several NE insurgents and was also a first of a kind operation conducted by Army on foreign soil.
Siachen Conflict ( 1948-2003)
- Siachen Glacier comes under Indian control following Operation Meghdoot.
- India gains control of the entire Siachen Glacier and the crest (top) of the main salatoro Ridge west of the glacier.
- Ceasefire since 2003.
Operation Pawan – Sri Lankan Civil War (1987-1990)
- Indian peacekeeping forces operations to take control of Jaffna from the LTTE in late 1987 to enforce the LTTE’s disarmament as part of the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord.
- Eventual withdrawal of Indian peacekeeping forces from the civil war.
- And the civil war continued In Sri Lanka.
- LTTE finally defeated by Sri Lankan Army in 2003.
Operaton Cactus (1998)
- Indian armed forces oust Tamil nationalist mercenaries who instigated a coup in Male in the Maldives.
Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir (1989-Present)
- Ongoing counter-insurgency operations by the Army, paramilitary and Police forces in J&K are termed Operation RAKSHAK (A Similar OP RAKSHAK Was also launched in Punjab by the Army during 1990-91).
- Insurgency ongoing and largely subsided.
- AFSPA enforced in Jammu and Kashmir.
Operation Parakram (2001)
- This was a military standoff between India and Pakistan that resulted in the massing of troops on either side of the border and along the Line of Control (LOC) in the region of Kashmir, which was the result of the terrorist attack on the Indian Parliament.
Operation Ocean Shield (2009- Present)
- Is an anti Piracy Operation in the India Ocean.
- Status- ongoing
- Includes NATO, Japan, India, Somalia, New Zealand, Ukraine, Saudia Arabia & South Korea.
Operation Surya Hope (2013)
- Saving people trapped in North India Floods.
Operation Raahat (2015)
- Operation by the India Armed Forces to evacuate Indian citizens and other foreign nationals from Yemen during the 2015 military intervention by Saudia Arabia and its allies in that country during the Yemeni Crisis.
Operation All Out (2015)
- For flushing out Bodo militants Assam on the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh border.
Operation Maitri (2015)
- India’s Armed Forces-led rescue and relief mission in quake-hit Nepal.
Operation Calm Down (2016)
- Op to clear Southern Kashmir of militants and protestors restore normalcy after the spread of violence on killing of Hizbul Mujahideen terrorist Burhan Wani who hailed from this region.
Operation Sankat Mochan (2016)
- IAF led an operation to evacuate Indian Citizens from the civil war in Juba, the capital of South Sudan using C-17 Globemaster aircraft.
- Apart from the civilians around 2500 Indian defence personnel, the majority of them from the Army is deployed with the UN peacekeeping Force in South Sudan.
All of these operations have various activities and strategies that tackle a wide range of issues inluding healthcare, education, women’s education and empowerment, infrastructure building and community development. In parts of J&K and northeastern states, medical camps are also held and local youth are trained to be recruited in the army. Thus, the thrust has been both on the welfare of the local people and development of the local area. When the army is directly involved in such activities. it helps to dispel any negative image of the army that the public may hold as a result of its long-term presence in the area.
Operation Sahyog (1992-Present)
- Was initiated in Assam.
Operation Good Samaritan (1995-Present)
- In Nagaland and Manipur.
Operation Sadbhavna (1998-Present)
- In remote areas of Jammu and Kashmir
Initiatives Under Goodwill Operation’s included:-
- To revitalize the marginalized local population, it follows Winning Hearts and Minds (WHAM) doctrine along with “an Iron Fist in a Velvet Glove” policy.
- It conducts regular healthcare programs in remote areas where civil health workforce does not cater to need of populace. Doctors in uniforms are a real blessing for the war-torn communities.
- Under this operation, Army Goodwill Schools (AGS) are established in economically backward areas to educate underprivileged children who have limited or nearly Zero access to schools. With well – rigorous monitoring, qualified teachers, state-of-the-art facilities and, these schools come as a great help in creating a better society.
- To broaden the learning environment, children front Kashmir are offered to visit different parts of India under Op Sangam. Similarly, under Op Maitree, children from other states are toured to J&K in order to get a first-hand experience of cultural diversity.
- One of its primary tasks is to renovate villages reeking of gunfire and shelling by repairing footbridges and damaged roads.
- Senior Citizens from J&K are offered ample chances to travel to new places and socialize with people over there.
- Operation Ujala. ‘a continuation of Operation Sadbhavna, was launched to reconstruct schools which were reduced to rubble in terrorist attacks.
- In areas where conventional academic route is too gruelling and so the job opportunities, Indian Army Offers vocational courses so that locals can envision a better tomorrow.
- Community Development Centre’s have been established in order to improve the living standards of economically backward sub-populations and focus on their immediate well-being.
- Disadvantaged youths in sparsely inhabited areas who can’t lead a sustainable life despite having skills are offered jobs in several projects. The youth empowerment activities of Army also promote rural entrepreneurship.
- Orphanages and hostels for children are constructed to provide basic life amenities. A lot of kids have lost their families in terror attacks.
- Lives play an integral role in the livelihoods of local communities under the constraints of limited resources. Veterinary camps are organized to keep them away from any kind of threat, focusing primarily on preventive and curative treatment of livestock.
- To cope up with the fast-growing digital world, computer centres in far-flung areas have been set up to give elders & children a window to the outside world.
- The Indian Army conducts a Super 30 programme, which gives 11 months free coaching to a select group of 30 students from J&K for the Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) for Engineering Courses. Under the programme, all students are afforded free lodging, boarding and educational facilities.