INDIAN COAST GUARD
The Indian Coast Guard (ICG), which has jurisdiction over the Indian territorial waters including its surrounding region and its exclusive economic zone, protects India’s maritime rights and enforces marine law. .
After the Army, Navy and IAF the Indian Coast Guard was founded in 1978, as the fourth military force in the country.
It operates under the Ministry of Defence. The ICG is headed by the Director-General (DG ICG) who is located at Coast Guard Headquarters (CGHQ), New Delhi.
The Coast Guard cooperates with the Indian Navy in close cooperation. Currently the Indian Coast Guard officers and the Indian Navy officers get training in the Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala.
Motto of the Indian Coast Guard
Coast Guard Day – 1 February every year
Size of the Coast Guard
- 10,500 + active personnel
- 160 + vessels
- 60 + aircrafts
Coast Guard Regions Regional HQ Location
|Western Region (W)||Mumbai|
|Eastern Region (E)||Chennai|
|Andaman & Nicobar Region (A&N)||Port Blair|
|North-West Region (NW)||Gandhinagar|
- To safeguard our rich ocean and offshore resources including oil, fish and minerals.
- To help mariners and protect life and property at sea.
- Enforcement of maritime laws regarding water, fishing, smuggling, and drugs.
- To preserve maritime environment and ecology and protect rare species.
- To gather scientific data and to back up the Navy in war time.
Charter of Duties
- Artificial islands and offshore terminals are protected and safe.
- Protection of fishermen.
- Assistance to fishermen in distress at sea.
- Preservation and protection of marine environment.
- Prevention and control of marine pollution.
- Assistance to customs and other authorities in anti-smuggling activities.
- Enforcement of maritime laws in force.
- Safety of life and property at sea.
- Collection of scientific data.
Officer Rank Structure
- Director General (Vice Admiral – on defputation from Indian Navy)
- Special Director – General
- Additional Director – General
- Inspector – General
- Deputy Inspector – General
- Commandant (Junior Grade)
- Deputy Commandant
- Assistant Commandant (Two year service)
- Assistant Commandant
The Indian Coast Guard operates a fleet of:
- Dornier Do 228 Maritime Surveillance Aircraft
- HAL Dhruv Utility Helicopters
- Hal Chetak Utility Helicopters
- Rotary Wing Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH)
Indian Coast Guard vessels are carrying the prefix “ICGS” Indian Coast Guard Ship.
Fast Patrol Vessel
- ICGS Apoorva
- ICGS Arnvesh
Offshore Patrol Vessel
- ICGS Sagar
- ICGS Sarang
Inshore Patrol Vessel
- ICGS Rajveer
- ICGS Rajshree
- Indian – Maldives – Exercise DOSTI
- India – Japan – Exercise Sahyog – Kaijin
The Indian Coast Guard has gifted ships and high-speed boats as a goodwill gesture and in bid to enhance maritime cooperation to Indian Ocean Region (IOR) countries –
- Ship Varaha to Sri Lanka by the Indian Coast Guard (ICG).
- Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV) Barracuda to Mauritius.
- ICGS C -405 High Speed Interceptor Boat, which will be used for patrolling to the Seychelles Coast Guard. The boat name has been re-titled ICGS C-405 from SCG Hermes.. The Indian Government has also gifted Dornier maritime patrol planes and Chetak Helicopters Seychelles.
India Developing a Network of Coastal Areas
This is due to India’s continuing interest in deploying and maintain a network of coastal surveillance radars across the region, leading to heightened intelligence, surveillance radars across the region, leading to enhanced Indian Navy and Coast Guard intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities and maritime domain knowledge.
Coastal Surveillance Radars (CSR) will improve the operational capabilities of the maritime security forces of partner nations and the overall security of the exclusive economic zones which makeup the region’s “blue economy.”
The high point for India’s planned CSR network came during PM Narendra Modi’s one day visit to Seychelles in March 2015, where the publicly launched the first of a planned 32 CSR stations in the Indian Ocean. The Seychelles radar deployment comes as China raises its naval operations in the East Indian Ocean.
The Seychelles government in Assumption Island allocated a plot of land for India to establish its first naval base in the Indian Ocean area.